A high performance technology demonstrator
News From Lotus
- 0-60 mph/97 kph in under 4 seconds
- Total hybrid range of over 300 miles/483 kilometres
- Eco mode or Sports mode featuring realistic 7 speed paddle shift with energy recuperation
- HALOsonic Internal and External Electronic Sound
- Torque vectoring for improved dynamic stability
- Integrated glass roof and engine cover and interior
concept from Lotus Design
The Lotus Evora 414E Hybrid, so-named because this latest environmentallyfocused
technology demonstrator from Lotus Engineering produces 414 PS
(306 kW) of power, promises breathtaking performance from a highly efficient
propulsion system. The concept showcases new developments in plug-in,
range-extended electric propulsion, new electronic technologies to enhance
driver involvement, the adaptability of the Lotus Versatile Vehicle Architecture
(VVA) that underpins the Evora 414E Hybrid and a dramatic new roof system
and interior concept from Lotus Design. Through all of these aspects it
ultimately demonstrates the exceptional ability of Lotus Engineering to
integrate and develop advanced technologies for exciting, efficient, high
performance niche vehicles.
The range extended electric drive of the Evora 414E Hybrid consists of two
electric motors driving each of the rear wheels independently via single speed
geartrain, integrated into a common transmission housing, thus enabling
torque vectoring for stability control of the vehicle. Electrical power is stored in
a lithium polymer battery pack optimised for energy density, efficiency and high
power demand, mounted in the centre of the vehicle for stability and safety.
Additional range is provided by the Lotus Range Extender engine, an
optimised 1.2 litre, three-cylinder engine, designed specifically for series hybrid
vehicles. The drivetrain is designed to combine astonishing performance with
efficient, low emissions driving.
Driver involvement is enhanced by the incorporation of HALOsonic Internal
and External Electronic Sound Synthesis technologies from Lotus and Harman International, which provide sound contouring within the cabin and improve
pedestrian safety outside the vehicle. Integrated with the HALOsonic
technology, the Evora 414E Hybrid also showcases a brand new technology
from Lotus Engineering, a sports mode that simulates a 7 speed, paddle shift
transmission that combines exceptional driver involvement for a hybrid sports
car and optimised energy recuperation.
The Evora 414E Hybrid has been designed to highlight Lotus' innovative
electric and hybrid vehicle technology without distracting from the pure
sportscar character of the Evora. The solution is innovative, instantly
recognizable, beautiful and sporty. It demonstrates Lotus DNA.
Dr Robert Hentschel, Director of Lotus Engineering said: "Innovation has
always been at the heart of Lotus and is needed now more than ever. The
Evora 414E Hybrid is the perfect demonstration of Lotus Engineering’s core
competencies: lightweight architectures, efficient performance, electrical and
electronics integration and driving dynamics. The technology demonstrator
represents an encapsulation of the advanced technologies that Lotus
Engineering continues to develop to overcome the current environmental
challenges facing the automotive industry and showcases the future direction
that the sector is taking and why Lotus Engineering is perfectly placed to lead
the technological development in this area."
For the Lotus Evora 414E Hybrid, Lotus Engineering has developed a highly
efficient, high performance drivetrain system consisting of twin motors each
limited to providing 152 kW (207 PS/204 hp) of power and 400 Nm (295 lbft) of
torque to each wheel via independent, single speed, reduction transmissions
integrated into a single housing, enabling torque vectoring dynamic control of
The vehicle energy storage system is made up of the latest Lithium Polymer
battery chemistry providing 17 kWH energy storage capacity. The battery pack
is optimised for energy density, efficiency and high power demand, with over
100 kW discharge capability.
The Lotus Range Extender engine provides 35 kW (48 PS/47 hp) of power at
3,500 rpm via the integrated electrical generator and features an innovative
architecture comprising an aluminium monoblock construction, integrating the
cylinder block, cylinder head and exhaust manifold in one casting. This results
in reduced engine mass, assembly costs, package size and improved
emissions and engine durability. The engine uses an optimised two-valve,
port-fuel injection combustion system to reduce cost and mass and can be
operated on alcohol-based fuels and/or gasoline. The generator converts
mechanical energy to electrical energy to replenish the battery pack charge
and provides additional vehicle range in a small light weight package. The
generator is also used as a motor to start the range extender engine. The low
mass of the range extender unit (85 kg) and compact package makes it ideal
for the series hybrid drivetrain in the Evora 414E Hybird.
All the operation and management of the range extender engine, the power
management of the batteries and motor control are controlled by Lotus'
electronic control units and software systems. Full energy management of all
the operating systems is the key to maximising performance and operation
while minimising energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
For everyday commuting journeys, up to 35 miles can be travelled using
battery power. The battery can be charged overnight using a conventional
domestic mains supply through a socket concealed by the rear number plate.
This permits the vehicle to operate with zero tailpipe emissions. For longer
journeys, exceeding the battery capacity, the highly efficient range extender
engine is used as a generator to supply the motor with electrical power and top
up the battery.
Lotus has used its own vehicle simulation tools to determine the size, capacity,
power and performance of all the components in the drivetrain system to
optimise the system operation. Overall this is far more energy efficient, weight
efficient and cost effective than fitting the vehicle with a larger and more
expensive battery, which for the majority of short journeys is a redundant
weight, which increases energy requirements. With regard to the total lifetime
CO2 emissions of the vehicle, including the energy required to manufacture
and run it, the range extender solution has a lower overall CO2 footprint than a
fully electric car of comparable performance and operating range running with
a larger battery.
The Lotus Evora 414E Hybrid structure is the same award-winning, versatile
vehicle architecture used on the Lotus Evora. The low volume architecture was
designed with the upmost flexibility in mind. The Evora 414E Hybrid is a
perfect example of how to integrate a compact packaged drivetrain, with
excellent performance and range, while using this underpinning. The complete
chassis has remained unchanged from the Evora which maintains the
structural integrity and strength performance of the original car.
The structure progresses the Lotus 'bonded and riveted' technology with new
and unique extrusions and folded panels, whilst providing production build
modularity and lower cost repairs. The chassis has been designed for
scalability so that it can be extended in width, length and height. The strength
and stiffness of the low volume VVA chassis can be modified cost effectively
by varying the wall thickness of the extrusions, without altering the exterior
dimensions. The ability to lengthen or shorten extrusions with the option to
tailor the chassis stiffness vastly increases the number of vehicles that can be
developed from this vehicle architecture.
The Lotus Evora 414E Hybrid offers exhilarating, all-round dynamic
performance and takes advantage of Lotus developed torque vectoring
dynamics. Torque vectoring, which is the capacity to generate different
torques at each of the driving wheels, is particularly suited to electric vehicles
and significantly reduces the conflict between stability and response.
A key benefit of separate motors to drive each rear wheel individually is that this facilitates a much higher level of vehicle dynamics control. Driving the
wheels with different levels of torque can not only generate all the capabilities
of a conventional ESP system using energy regeneration as opposed to brake
application, but it can also actively drive each wheel forward at different rates,
producing a turning moment at the rear of the vehicle in addition to the
This can be used to enhance low speed manoeuvrability and ease of parking
but can also be used to produce a much greater level of straight line high
speed stability. Incorporating lateral sensors the system also provides stability
control capabilities and levels of steering response normally only associated
with heavy and expensive rear steer systems. This can provide automatic
correction of both understeer and oversteer characteristics. In addition, the
standard method to provide high speed stability of designing the rear wheels
to toe-in is not required as the torque vectoring system automatically provides
this stability control, with toe-in increasing rolling resistance, lowering fuel
economy and increasing tyre wear. Lotus' long history of active suspension
control provides the core capability to develop this technology and provides
extraordinary driving pleasure on the Evora 414E Hybrid.
The Evora 414E Hybrid provides less of a psychological step change for
people familiar with high performance cars compared to other electric and
hybrid sports cars. The car has a simulated paddle shift gear change offering
ultra quick gear changes reminiscent of a dual clutch transmission, while
actually single speed. This enhances the driver interaction with the vehicle and
provides a driving experience similar to current internal combustion engine
high performance sports cars. The Evora 414E Hybrid uses a column
mounted paddle shift to simulate the gear change and a synthesised engine
sound changes frequency with virtual gear selection. The drive torque is also
modulated to simulate a physical feeling of a gearshift jolt.
The virtual gearshift simulation, like a conventional gearbox, is used to change
the driving characteristics and response of the vehicle. The most significant
aspect that this offers the driver is the ability to control the vehicle deceleration
by simulating engine braking through a virtual downshift in gears. Unlike true
engine braking, the Lotus system does not dissipate the energy of the moving
vehicle through internal engine friction but uses the electric motors to
regenerate the energy back into the battery. While many electric and hybrid
vehicles provide engine braking, this is generally at a fixed rate or preselected
rate. In some driving situations this can either be too aggressive, slowing the
vehicle unnecessarily, or too light, requiring additional braking application. The
Lotus system effectively allows the driver to select the appropriate level of
regeneration by simulating stepping down by one, two or even three gears.
The simulation of engine braking through both the gear noise change and the
retardation of the vehicle is fully intuitive to a driver familiar with a conventional
gearbox. The simulated gearchange capability can be selected for greater
driving involvement or switched off for more relaxed driving.
The Evora 414E Hybrid uses the Lotus Engineering and Harman International
developed HALOsonic suite of noise solutions. The first of which is Electronic Sound Synthesis. This generates engine sounds inside the vehicle through the
audio system where it provides an exciting sports sound in line with the brand
and nature of the vehicle together with a high level of driver feedback in an
intuitive manner. In addition, it also generates sound on the outside of the
vehicle through speakers mounted at the front and rear to provide a warning to
increase pedestrian safety, which is especially important for electric and hybrid
vehicles which can be difficult to hear at slower speeds.
There are four driver selectable engine sounds currently on the vehicle, two of
which have been designed to have characteristics of a multi-cylinder
conventional V6 and V12 engine. There is also a futuristic sound and a
combination of a conventional engine and a futuristic sound, enhancing the
brand identity of the vehicle as a step forward in electric vehicle design.
The addition of this Lotus patented simulated gearshift concept not only
provides for an exciting and involving driving experience that customers would
expect from a Lotus, but also enhances the driver’s control of the vehicle
while providing the capability for more efficient operation through a greater use
of energy regeneration.
The distinctive colour scheme and 'floating' roof have been carefully designed
to accent the cars electric vehicle technology whilst complementing the iconic
lines of the Evora.
Copper, a colour often associated with electrical systems, has been chosen for
the car's exterior and interior. A contemporary satin finish paint is
complemented by electrical circuit inspired graphics that highlight the car's key
feature lines and the unique glazed roof panel. The newly extended glazed
zone integrates seamlessly with the existing forms of the Evora whilst
showcasing the key components behind the hybrid and electric vehicle
The signature copper theme is consistently carried throughout the car from the
dramatic seat stripes and instrument panel inserts to the copper callipers that
nestle behind the carbon grey forged wheels. Inside the cabin a sense of
quality and richness has been created by carefully juxtaposing the different
tactile qualities intrinsic to leather, Alcantara and metal.